1. Introduce the importance of the sounds of the letters
  2. Introduce the sign and sound of the letter "Aa"
  3. Read sentences with words that begin with the letter "a"

  1. Pocket chart
  2. Hand puppet
  3. Finger alphabet poster
  4. Word ring with words you want to review
  5. Word card with the word "apple" printed in lower case letters.
  6. One letter card with the letter "Aa"
  7. Sentence strips

  8. Worksheets 2-1A, 2-1B, 2-1C




  1. Review The Letter Names
    1. Sing the alphabet song with the students as the puppet carefully touches each letter on your display. Make sure the students slow down when they come to L, M, N, O, P and the letters T, U, V. One good way to do this would be to have the students clap when they sing the letters N and U.
    2. Write on the board a word the students know how to read. Then have the students spell the word out loud with you as you point to each letter. Repeat with a few more words.

  2. Review The Words On The Word Ring
    1. Have all the students read the words together.
    2. Note that once the students become fluent with the words from Unit I they may stop using the signs. This is fine because the reason for the signing was to get the students reading. Once this goal has been met the signing is no longer necessary.

  3. Introduce The Importance Of Letter Sounds
    1. Explain to your students that we've been learning about the sounds in words. For example we know that the sounds in the word apple are /a/ /ple/. Now we're going to learn about the sounds of the letters in the words.
    2. If we learn all our letter sounds we can figure out how to read words we've never seen before.

  4. Introduce The Letter "a" and Its Sound /a/
    1. Show the students the finger alphabet poster and explain that we are going to be learning how to sign the letters of the alphabet to help us remember letter sounds just like signing helped us remember words.
    2. Hold up the letter card "Aa" and remind the students that these are the letters capital "A" and small "a".
    3. Show the students how to sign and sound out the letter "a" (as in "apple"). Explain that the hand shape for the letter "a" looks like the small letter "a" with the thumb representing the line on the right side.
    4. Put the word card for "apple" in the pocket chart and point out that the first letter of the word is the letter "a" with the sound /a/. Have the students sign the letter "a" as they say the word "apple" with you. Make sure they emphasize the beginning sound /a/.
    5. Help students come up with other examples of words that begin with the /a/ sound like the following. Make sure the students sign the letter "a" as they emphasize the beginning sounds of these words.

      • "ant", "animal", "alligator" and "at"

    6. Tell the students that to help them remember the /a/ sound let's all chant the sound of the letter "a" and the word "apple" as follows. Make sure your students sign the letter "a" and the word "apple" as they do the chant.

      • /a/, /a/, apple; /a/, /a/, apple

    7. Be sure to teach the students how to print the letters "Aa" if you have not already done so.

  5. Introduce Sentences
    1. Place the sentences from the materials list in the pocket chart.
    2. Have the students read the sentences together and individually. Emphasize the beginning sounds of all the words that begin with the letter "a".

  6. Seat Work
    1. Have each student do Worksheets 2-1A and 2-1B.


  1. Review Sessions
    1. Pin up copies of the day's letter and sentences around the room where the students can see them.
    2. Review the sound of the letter at least twice during the day.

  2. Homework
    1. Give each student the Worksheet 2-1C to read and do at home.
    2. Tell them to show their families how to sign and sound out the letter "a".